예상 읽기 시간: 8 분
전단기 금속 가공 산업을 주요 기능으로 하는 일종의 단조 기계입니다. 제품은 항공, 경공업, 야금, 화학 공업, 건설, 조선, 자동차, 전력, 전기 제품, 장식 및 기타 산업에서 널리 사용되어 필요한 특수 기계 및 완전한 장비 세트를 제공합니다. 전단기는 한 날을 사용하여 다른 날에 대해 왕복 직선 운동을 수행하여 판을 절단하는 기계입니다. 움직이는 상부 칼날과 고정된 하부 칼날을 사용하며 적당한 칼날 간격을 이용하여 다양한 두께의 금속판에 전단력을 가합니다. 필요한 크기에 따라 판을 부수고 분리하도록 힘을 가합니다.
CNC Shearing Machines Classification
1. 동력원리에 따라 기계식 전단기와 유압식 전단기로 나눌 수 있다.
- The mechanical shearing machine adopts a resistance key form of clutch structure and open gear transmission, and adopts more advanced electrical appliances (foot switch, manual switch) for operation. The all-steel welding structure is simple, easy to operate, beautiful in appearance, and low energy consumption. CNC shearing machines
- The hydraulic shearing machine is beautiful in appearance, excellent in performance, and stable in quality. It uses a moving upper blade and a fixed lower blade, and uses a reasonable blade gap to apply shearing force to metal plates of various thicknesses to make the plates Break and separate according to the required size. CNC shearing machines
2. According to the movement of the blade, it can be divided into swing shearing machines and guillotine CNC shearing machines.
- The swing beam shearing machine is a shearing machine driven by hydraulic pressure. The upper knife frame of the it swings in an arc around a fixed axis during the cutting process. Through the action of leverage, the force on the fulcrum is small. It can improve the life of the cutting blade and the life of the machine. The structure of the whole machine is compact, and the stroke of the upper tool post can be adjusted steplessly, which greatly improves the work efficiency. CNC shearing machines
- The guillotine shearing machine has the advantages of strong shearing force and good shearing effect. It has always been praised by the majority of sheet metal processing. The guillotine shearing machine adopts the frame structure and adopts all-steel welding; It has good rigidity and adopts hydraulic preload. The hydraulic system adopts two-way cartridge integrated valve; the whole system adopts; and it can be equipped with stroke digital display, photoelectric protection device and mobile workbench (for easy replacement of molds), and the double-action of the upper sliding block and the lower hydraulic cushion Function, the working pressure stroke can be adjusted within the specified range according to the process requirements, and the operation is simple and centralized control is adopted by the button. CNC shearing machines
3. 작동 모드에 따라 일반 전단기와 CNC 전단기로 나눌 수 있습니다.
- 일반 전단기는 수동 작업이 필요한 기계 작업입니다.
- CNC shearing machine generally use general-purpose or special-purpose computers to achieve digital program control, and they usually control mechanical quantities such as position, angle, speed, and switching quantities related to the direction of mechanical energy flow. The production of CNC shears relies on the emergence of data carriers and binary data operations. CNC shearing machines
CNC Shearing Machines Features
1. The machine is an all-steel welding mechanism, hydraulically driven, vibration relieves stress, and the machine has high strength and good rigidity. The hydraulic swing beam shearing machine adopts the main oil cylinder (fixed on the wall plate) for downward shearing movement and the return stroke of the nitrogen cylinder, so the hydraulic system is simplified and the operation is more stable.
The upper tool rest swings in an arc around a fixed axis during the shearing process. Through the action of leverage, the supporting point is small in force, which can increase the life of the cutting blade and the life of the machine. The structure of the whole machine is compact, and the stroke of the upper tool post can be adjusted steplessly, which greatly improves the work efficiency. CNC shearing machines
2. CNC control system function: multi-language display, easy to operate. The back gauge device is adjusted by a motorized block, with one-way and two-way positioning functions, which can effectively eliminate the screw gap, and has the function of retreating and selecting materials, avoiding the interference between the blocking device and the workpiece, reducing wear, and improving positioning accuracy. It has an automatic or manual search reference point function. With memory function of power-off position, on-site protection of parameters, positions, and procedures. It has a multi-step processing programming function, which can realize multi-step motion operation, complete multi-step parts one-time processing, and improve production efficiency. CNC shearing machines
3. 보호 계통과 전기함을 연동시키는 안정적인 보호 장치.
4. 우수한 신뢰성을 갖춘 고급 통합 유압 시스템을 채택하십시오.
유압 전단기 작동 원리
1. 하향 전단 운동 및 질소 실린더 복귀를 위해 메인 오일 실린더(벽판에 고정)를 사용하여 전단 후 전단 시트의 전단 표면의 직진도 및 평행도 요구 사항이 보장되어야 하며 플레이트의 왜곡 최소화해야 고품질 공작물을 얻을 수 있습니다. 따라서 유압 시스템이 단순화되고 작동이 더 안정적입니다.
2. The upper tool post swings in an arc around a fixed axis during the cutting process. Through lever action, the fulcrum is small, which can increase the life of the shear blade and the machine life of the hydraulic shears. The whole machine has a compact structure and can be infinite. Adjusting the stroke of the upper tool post greatly improves work efficiency. The upper blade is fixed on the knife holder, and the lower blade is fixed on the workbench. A material holding ball is installed on the workbench so that the sheet material will not be scratched when sliding on it. CNC shearing machines
3. 백 게이지는 플레이트의 위치를 지정하는 데 사용되며 위치는 모터에 의해 조정됩니다. 프레싱 실린더는 전단 중에 시트가 움직이는 것을 방지하기 위해 시트를 압축하는 데 사용됩니다.
4. 가드레일은 업무상 사고를 예방하기 위한 안전장치입니다. 돌아오는 여정은 일반적으로 빠르고 영향이 거의 없는 질소에 의존합니다.
Precautions For Using CNC Shearing MachineNS
1. 정상적인 조건에서 얇은 것에서 두꺼운 것까지 다양한 두께의 절단을 테스트하기 위해 여러 주기 동안 공회전 작업을 하기 위해 전단기를 시작하십시오. 사용자가 도마 성능에 대해 잘 알고 있는지 확인합니다.
2. 시험 절단 중에 다른 판 두께에 대해 다른 블레이드 간격을 조정해야 합니다. 해당 칼날 간격을 조정하지 않으면 칼날의 내구성이 영향을 받습니다.
3. 전단기는 절단 과정에서 압력 게이지 스위치를 켜고 오일 회로의 압력 값을 관찰합니다. 12mm 판자를 절단할 때 압력은 20MPa 미만이어야 합니다. 이 원격 압력 조절 밸브 No9는 공장을 떠날 때 압력이 20-22MPa로 설정되어 있으며 사용자는 이 규정을 준수해야 하며 지정된 재료 표면을 절단하기 위해 압력을 증가시켜 기계를 손상시키지 않아야 합니다.
4. 작동 중 사운드 균형. 도마에서 소리가 나면 멈추고 확인하십시오.
5. 전단기가 작동 중일 때 연료 탱크의 온도가 60도 이하로 올라가 정지하고 정지합니다.
CNC Shearing Machines, also known as CNC guillotine shears or CNC metal shears, are industrial machines used in metal fabrication and manufacturing processes to cut sheet metal and plate materials accurately and efficiently. These machines are equipped with computer numerical control (CNC) systems, allowing for precise control and automation of the cutting process. Here are some key features and aspects of CNC Shearing Machines:
Cutting Capabilities: CNC Shearing Machines are designed to cut various types of sheet metal and plate materials, including steel, aluminum, stainless steel, and more. They can handle a wide range of thicknesses, from thin sheets to thicker plates.
CNC Control: The CNC system in these machines allows operators to program the desired cutting dimensions, angles, and shapes. This precise control ensures accurate and repeatable cuts, reducing material waste and improving efficiency.
Versatility: CNC Shearing Machines can perform both straight-line cuts and complex shapes, making them suitable for a wide range of applications in industries such as metal fabrication, automotive, aerospace, construction, and more.
Blade Design: Shearing machines are equipped with a blade assembly, typically consisting of upper and lower blades. The design of the blades and the gap between them can be adjusted to suit the material thickness and type being cut.
Cutting Length: The cutting length or working width of a CNC Shearing Machine can vary depending on the machine’s size and capacity. Some machines can handle small pieces, while larger machines are capable of cutting longer sheets or plates.
Backgauge System: Many CNC Shearing Machines are equipped with a backgauge system that helps position the material accurately before the cutting process. The CNC control allows for precise adjustment of the backgauge position, ensuring consistent cuts.
Safety Features: Safety is a paramount concern in machine operation. CNC Shearing Machines often come with safety features such as safety curtains, emergency stop buttons, and interlocks to protect operators from potential hazards.
Efficiency: CNC Shearing Machines are known for their high production efficiency. They can cut multiple pieces with minimal setup time and reduced manual intervention.
Material Handling: Some CNC Shearing Machines are equipped with material handling systems, such as conveyor belts or stackers, to automate the process of moving and collecting cut pieces.
Maintenance: Regular maintenance and blade sharpening are essential to ensure the machine’s performance and the quality of cuts. Proper lubrication and care of moving parts are also necessary for longevity.
CNC Shearing Machines play a critical role in the metalworking industry, helping manufacturers and fabricators produce accurate, clean-cut parts for various applications. Their CNC control capabilities offer flexibility and precision, making them valuable assets in modern metalworking facilities.